The chest is wide and deep with a muscular brisket; the brisket is the front part of the body between the forelegs and below the chest. Ribs are well sprung and rounded, being at their fullest directly behind the shoulders. Shoulders to forelegs are well muscled
Faults: Narrow rib cage; very long or short loin.
Hips and thighs are strong and muscular. Hind legs are well muscled and slightly longer than the forelegs. In a natural stance they are straight, parallel and set apart when viewed from the rear. Distance between the hind legs is less than the distance between the front legs. Angulation is moderate.
Stifles (equivalent of the human knee) have a gentle convex curve when viewed from the side. Stifle angle roughly matches the angle of the pelvis.
Hocks (equivalent to our ankle joints) are perpendicular to the ground when viewed from the side and back. They are parallel to each other when viewed from the back. A line drawn from the furthermost part of the buttocks, perpendicular to the ground, should fall to the front of the toes. A line drawn from the upper (front) point of the pelvis, perpendicular to the ground, should pass through the knee (the two preceding tests of good angulation must be performed with the dog’s hocks set perpendicular to the ground).
Fault: Hips which are equal to shoulders in width.
Serious faults: Straight stifle; severely cow hocked or bow hocked.
Disqualification: Rear dewclaws (toenail located on the inside part of their front leg).